These counties are heavily rural and based primarily in the southwest, though there are some large urban areas in Texas and Florida that also fall within the group.
More than 17.4 million people live in Hispanic Centers. Only 20% of these individuals hold a bachelor’s degree and the median household income sits at $51,600. The broadband access rate is 80%, which is 7 points below the national average. The voter turnout rate is 11 points below the national average of 68%. Many people living in these communities recognize health as an issue. A fifth of residents report fair or poor health, which is 8 percentage points more than the national average. In addition to experiencing poor health, these communities have limited access to care. About 20% of people in Hispanic Centers are uninsured, possibly due to documentation issues, twice the national average. However, the insurance barrier is only a part of the problem as these areas have fewer options for medical care. On average, Hispanic Centers carry the burden of an additional 1,200 people per primary care physician compared with the rest of the country.