These counties are heavily rural and based primarily in the southwest, though there are some large urban areas in Texas and Florida that also fall within the group.
Just over 12 million people live in Hispanic Centers. Only about 19% of these individuals hold a bachelor’s degree and the average median annual income sits at $55,200. Many people living in these communities recognize health as an issue. More than a quarter of residents report fair or poor health, about 8 percentage points more than the national average. In addition to experiencing poor health, these communities have limited access to care. About 20% of people in Hispanic Centers are uninsured, possibly due to documentation issues, nearly twice the national average. However, the insurance barrier is only a part of the problem as these areas have fewer options for medical care. On average, Hispanic Centers carry the burden of an additional 1,200 people per primary care physician compared to the rest of the country.